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Pets and Roundworms

While keeping your pet healthy and happy, a pet owner needs to be aware of various gastrointestinal parasites and how to recognize them in your pet. One of the most common types of parasites pets suffer from is the roundworm. Roundworms can easily be passed from one pet to the next. Depending upon the type of roundworm, it is even possible for your dog to pass roundworms to your cat or for your cat to pass roundworms to your dog. Therefore, it is important to know how to identify these parasites so you can treat them properly and keep your pet healthy.

Identifying Roundworms

Roundworms can be easily spotted in your pet's vomit or stool and look somewhat like pieces of cooked spaghetti, in that they are long and thin. Roundworms can be passed on in many ways, including from a mother's milk to her puppies or her kittens. Roundworms can be passed on through ingestion of another animal that has become infested with roundworms.

Types of Roundworms

The type of roundworms that affect dogs and cats may be different, with the one affecting dogs being called Toxocara canis and the ones affecting cats being called Toxocara cati. These roundworms can not be passed between dogs and cats, but there is a type of roundworm called the Toxascaris leonine that infects both dogs and cats.

Passing on Roundworms

Regardless of the type of roundworm, they are often found in soil and the eggs of this parasite are resistant to both weather and chemicals. As such, they can remain infective for several years, which means your pet can become repeatedly infected. Pets often pick up roundworm eggs in their fur while playing in the grass and dirt. Later, pets lick their fur during grooming, the eggs are ingested and later hatch.

Developing Roundworms

After hatching, the larvae continue to grow inside your pet's small intestine. It only takes about three to four weeks for the larvae to mature and become adults. Once they mature, larvae produce more eggs, which are passed out of your pet through its feces. After the eggs are passed, it takes about one week before they become infective.

Preventing and Treating Roundworms

You can help keep your pet healthy and free from roundworms by giving it preventative medication, with the most common being pyrantel pamoate. Although this drug is effective at killing roundworms, it is only effective against the adult worm. Therefore, it is necessary to give your pet a second dosage about three to four weeks after administering the first dose. Otherwise, the eggs laid by the adults will hatch, produce additional eggs, and continue the cycle of infection.

The second dose of medication is essential in order to rid your pet of roundworms. If you allow too much time to pass before you provide the second dose, the adults will continue to produce eggs, which will continue the cycle leading to your pet becoming reinfected. Vigilence in administering the medication and following the recommended treatment is essential to assuring your pet becomes free from infection.

Source by CS Swarens

Sufferers of Addictions, Obesity, Diseases, Psychological Disorders – There's a Cause and a Solution

Scientists are now confirming that parasites can and do alter the brain chemistry of it's host for it's own survival purposes linking it to uncontrollable addictions, sugar cravings, eating disorders, just about every known disease, weight gain, feelings of anxiety, anger, depression, insecurity, self-doubt and neuroticism. The World Health Organization (WHO) classifies parasites as among the six most dangerous diseases that infect humans. Parasites outrank cancer as the number one global killer, and account for many of the physical and psychological woes from which people suffer. Dr. E. Fuller Torrey (Associate Director for Laboratory Research at the Stanley Medical Research Institute) noticed links between Toxoplasma and schizophrenia in human beings, approximately three billion of whom are infected with T. gondii: As the parasites metabolize, they excrete neurotoxins. These toxins acidify the tissues and puts you a step towards degenerative diseases such as cancer. The acidity even promotes fungal growth and tissue oxygen deficiency. Further, the viruses they carry along, deteriorates the immune system leaving humans defense systems down, vulnerable enough to fall prey.

Five years ago, Oxford University zoologists showed that the parasite Toxoplasma gondii alters the brain chemistry of rats so that they are more likely to seek out cats. Toxoplasma forms cysts in the bodies of the intermediate rat hosts, including in the brain. alters the brain chemistry of rats so that they are more likely to seek out cats. It was a little out there for me the first time i read about it, until I saw the video footage of how parasites and worms force these insects and animals to virtually commit suicide and even while the host is still living, you can immediately see these parasites come out of it's host and swim or crawl away see the experiments for yourself. I got a link below to that site. Oxford scientists discovered that the minds of the infected rats have been subtly altered. In a series of experiments, they demonstrated that healthy rats will prudently avoid areas that have been doused with cat urine. However, it turns out that Toxoplasma-ridden rats show no such reaction. In fact, most of the infected rats actually seek out the cat urine-marked areas again and again. Infection thus makes a rat more likely to be killed and the parasite more likely to end up in a cat-the only host in which it can complete the reproductive step of its life cycle.The parasite alters the mind (and thus the behavior) of the rat for its own benefit.

The CDC (Center for Disease Control and Prevention) estimates that over sixty million people in the United States are likely infected with Toxoplasma gondii. Everyone has parasites. The notion that tiny creatures we've largely taken for granted are such a dominant force is immensely disturbing. We are collections of cells that work together, kept harmonized by chemical signals. If an organism can and does control those signals – an organism like a parasite – then it can control us. And therein lies the peculiar and precise horror of parasites. Parasites also excrete waste into our bodies and harm it in a number of ways!

Prevents the Absorption of Nutrients: Parasites thwart the absorption of nutrients in the body. June Wiles, a parasite expert reports, "Parasites are vermin that steal your food, drink your blood and leave their excrement in your body to be re-absorbed back into the blood stream". The poor absorption leads to anemia (especially caused by tapeworms).

Causes weight gain and Obesity: Parasites trick the body to crave for food, which keeps them well fed and help them reproduce. When these parasites absorb all the nutrients from the food you consume, you are left with very less or no energy at all. You will then have cravings for sugar coupled with fatigue and even depression. Causes Swelling: Parasites cause damage to the body even after they die. Once they die, they cause swelling and blockage in the body. This affects the digestive system and colon, which leads to the building of plaques. The plaque in turn leads to growth of parasites. You actually get trapped into a vicious circle of parasite and its effects.

While these individual changes in personality have been known for some time, remember this is just one parasite we're discussing. These studies are just the tip of the ice burg.

According the World Health Organization (WHO), 3.5 billion people worldwide are infected with some type of intestinal parasite, as a result of which 450 million are sick. Oxford University researchers believe high levels of the parasite also leads to hyperactivity and lower IQs in children. Washing your hands are very important so is brushing your teeth twice a day but more important then any of that is cleaning your insides, find out how: http:

Source by Paul Norris

Dog Worms

Worming Your Dog

Your dog should be treated for the prevention of worms at least twice a year — more often if your dog is a scavenger. There are two main groups of worms which affect dogs — roundworms and tapeworms. Worm infestation can cause abnormal hunger, diarrhea, poor growth, itching around the bottom and general loss of condition.

Untreated dogs can pass worms on to other dogs, via the eggs which are deposited in the feces when the dog goes to the toilet. The eggs are then moved around by the wind and on the soles of people’s shoes, or by sticking to the feet of passing dogs. That dog then licks himself and ingests the eggs, causing the dog to becoming infested.

An un-wormed dog could also cause a disease in humans called Visceral Larva Migrans, which is caused by ingesting the egg of the roundworm Toxocara Canis. Children are particularly at risk, as they tend to put their hands near or into their mouths, especially if they should do so after touching a piece of ground infected with the worm eggs, or if they are petting a dog that has worms. The egg can enter via contact from hand to mouth, and, in very severe cases, can cause blindness or mental retardation. Although these cases are rare, simple precautions such as always washing your hands after handling a dog, particularly a strange dog, and ensuring that your dog is regularly treated for worms, will prevent this from happening.

It is worth noting that un-wormed cats carry a similar worm — Toxocara Cati which can also cause the same disease in humans as Toxocara Canis.

You must treat your dog for worms, even if you never see any actual evidence — the eggs which pass from the dog via the faces are minute. If you should see what appear to be small grains of rice in the faces and around the anal area, that is very clear evidence that your dog has a severe infestation of tapeworms. If you see what look like strands of spaghetti in the faces or vomit, you can be sure that your dog has a roundworm infestation.

There is also a strain of tapeworm, which, if ingested during its development stage, can affect humans, causing a disease called Hydatidosis, which affects the liver and lungs. The good news is that cases of this disease are extremely rare.

All this unpleasantness can be avoided if all dog owners abide by the following simple rules:

1. All puppies should be wormed before leaving the breeder, at three weeks and five weeks of age. They should be wormed again twice more by the time they reach 13 weeks. Thereafter they should be regularly wormed every six months throughout their lives.

Get the worm prevention treatment from your veterinary surgeon — tablets and powders from the pet shop are not as effective.

2. Bitches who are about to be bred from should be wormed prior to mating and again after the puppies are weaned.

3. All faces should be removed daily from the garden and burned or hygienically disposed of. Always remove any faeces your dog leaves behind when out on exercise.

4. Always wash your hands after handling your dog, before consuming food.

By following these simple procedures, you can be assured that you have taken all possible steps to prevent your dog passing the infection to other dogs or humans.

Source by Kathy Davison

Natural De-Worming for Your Pets – You Can Have Naturally Worm Free Animals!

Worms. Not something we want to think about, right? But did you know that if your pet has worms they could be compromising their health, and can even lead to death if untreated? And did you know that if your pet has worms, you can also become infected with worms? Think of that as your dog or cat snuggles up with you in bed.

Conventional treatment falls into three chemical classes:

  • Macrocycliclactones (ivermectin, moxidectin)
  • Benzimidazoles (fenbendazole)
  • Pyrimidines (pyrantel)

Growing scientific evidence is mounting showing that parasites are building up a resistance to conventional chemical de-wormers. This is causing super parasites that are immune to most chemicals, much like the overuse of antibiotics has caused super bugs that nothing can eliminate. Not to mention the side effects of the chemicals themselves.

Some possible side effects include:

  • Colic Swollen Neck and Glands
  • Allergic reactions
  • Laminitis in Horses
  • Various Gut Disturbances and Problems
  • Skin Reactions Tongue Hanging Out,
  • Horse Drooling
  • Disturbances in the Hoof Walls of Horses
  • Internal Damage
  • Damage to the Animals Immune System
  • And in rare cases, even Death

So what are your options? You don’t want your pet to have worms and you don’t want to poison your pet with chemicals. Fortunately, Mother Nature provides what we need if we know where to look. One great option is food grade Diatomaceous Earth. It is truly one of Mother Nature’s greatest gifts.

Diatomaceous Earth is a fossilized deposit of microscopic shells created by one celled plants called Diatoms. Food Grade Diatomaceous Earth can be used for many things around the home and in agriculture. Food grade diatomaceous earth is EPA approved to be mixed with grains to control mealworms and other pests, against indoor and outdoor crawling insects, as an anti-caking agent for animal feed and food grade diatomaceous earth is FDA approved for internal and external use. It has been given a GRAS (generally regarded as safe) rating by the FDA.

This is only a partial list of the benefits of Food Grade Diatomaceous Earth:

  • Natural wormer – eliminates many parasites without chemicals
  • Safe, non-toxic, parasites don’t build immunity as they do with traditional wormers
  • 15 trace minerals – great for animals, humans, plants, and soil
  • Helps detox heavy metals, E.coli, bacteria, viruses, etc.
  • Promotes shinier coats
  • Digestive aid Colon cleanser
  • Better overall health
  • Eliminates pests in stored grains
  • Reduces flies, fleas, ticks, etc.
  • Reduces manure odor
  • Drying agent
  • Antifungal properties – good for garden fungal growths

Food Grade Diatomaceous Earth is made of fossilized microscopic hard shells and as it comes in contact with insects it penetrates and removes their waxy outer layer causing them to lose moisture and dehydrate. Unlike chemical wormers, the parasites never build up a resistance and because it works gradually there is no danger of complications from die-off in the case of heavy infestation.

You can have naturally worm free animals. There are several good options available, herbal formulations, homeopathic remedies, and food grade diatomaceous earth, to name a few. All work very well when used properly, along with simple diet and lifestyle tweaks. Here are a few recommendations:

Feeding the best quality food and water free of chemicals and fillers. Cleaning up fecal droppings regularly In dogs and cats make sure you are eliminating fleas with non toxic natural flea remedies, as fleas lead to tape worm infestation. In horses, use natural fly repellants as flies that lay their eggs in the manure can lead to a viscous cycle of re-infestation. Using a product like Wormfree Naturally regularly, not just when you see worms, to break the cycle of re-infestation

I like the idea of using a product like Wormfree Naturally that contains food grade diatomaceous earth along with pro-biotics. It addresses the internal parasites, halts re-infestation by eliminating larvae in the manure, while also offering trace minerals and pro-biotics that are essential for a healthy digestive tract. Why wouldn’t you want to do that for your pets? Can chemical de-wormers do all that?

Wormfree Naturally is available at

Source by Roxanna Whittington

Roundworms and Tapeworms In Cats – Symptoms and Treatments

One of the biggest concerns for cat lovers and cat owners is the formation of worms in cats. These worms include roundworms, tapeworms, hookworms and several others. This article is a brief guide to help you understand the different symptoms and possible treatment methods for these worms found in cats. These are not only found in street cats but also in domestic cats – – so beware!

Roundworms in Cats

These look like spaghetti strands and can be seen in its feces and even vomit. Although, they are found in colors such as white and yellow but at times they may not have any color and therefore may not be easily visible.

They are transferred to them either by birth or through the milk of the mother cat. Most cats also get them through eating the eggs found in contaminated places.

Cats with roundworms may have constant diarrhea and vomiting. Their stool is in dark color and if the worms increase too much in number, then a blockage of intestine may also occur.

The best treatment for these worms is pyrantel pamoate.

Tapeworms in Cats

These look like rice grains and are either white or off-white in color. These worms can be transferred to them through ingesting an infected flea or from eating raw meet of rabbit, rat or any rodent.

Infected cats may feel itching in the anal and to satisfy their itching they may rub themselves on hard surfaces, so you may know what your cat is up to.

The best prevention is to keep them away from infected flea because that is how it spreads. For treatment, medicines such as Praziquantel and Epsiprantel are commonly used.

Source by Donald A. Fye

Be Jellyfish Smart This Season

It is imperative to immediately administer first aid care in the event of the jellyfish sting, unless the victim experiences an allergic reaction to the jellyfish venom. Symptoms of an allergic reaction are severe pain, respiratory problems, swelling, and shock. If the victim exhibits any of these symptoms, call 911 and head to the nearest Emergency Room.

In most cases, victims of jellyfish stings will experience minor irritation and pain where the tentacle made contact with the skin. The affected area should be rinsed with salt water, if available. Fresh water can activate painful toxins in the jellyfish venom and should be avoided unless the wound is contaminated with dirt, sand, seaweed, etc. Those administering first aid should use caution when making direct skin-to-skin contact with the victim. Protective clothing and / or gloves should be worn, if available.

After rinsing the affected area with salt water, apply a cool compress soaked in white vinegar. The acetic acid from the vinegar will deactivate leftover toxins in the jellyfish venom, and the chill of the compress will soothe the burning pain of the venom.

While the compress helps to combat pain on the surface area of ​​the wound, the victim may also start to experience headaches or muscle pain near the affected area. Over-the-counter medications like ibuprofen or aspirin may be administered to treat any additional pain, along with lots of fluids. Benadryl or topical creams may be used to treat any itching or rash symptoms may develop at or around the wound.

As with all major wounds, it is important to follow up with your physician once first aid has been administered, especially if infection or flu-like symptoms develop.

Do not let a fear of jellyfish deter you from enjoying the ocean. Take precaution before going in the water by checking with the local life guards, who will readily tell you of any hazards to be aware of. Pack a small jar of white vinegar – available at grocery stores – in your beach bag so you're not caught empty handed in the event of a jellyfish sting. And walk the shoreline; if you see jellyfish washed up on the sand every few meters, do not go in the water.

Be jellyfish smart this season, and enjoy the ocean like never before, because if you do not your only hurting yourself.

Source by Chris L. Jensen

The Best Natural Treatments for Hives

Unfortunately what makes treating hives so difficult is the fact that for every sufferer there are different triggers, as a result what helps one hives sufferer might not do anything for another. That’s why if you do a quick search on the internet you can see so many different treatments that some people think of as their “life savers” and responses from other people who have had no reprieve using the exact same methods.

I’m a big believer in natural is best (don’t get me wrong there is definitely a time and a place for Western medicine) – but I believe in giving the body everything it needs to heal itself. Because basically hives is an imbalance in the body, whether it be to stress, an allergy or a build up of toxins, the best way to rid yourself of hives is to work with the bodies natural abilities and discover the imbalance.

So here I’ve collected some of the best NATURAL treatment solutions I’ve found and put them in one place – the best thing is they’re all natural and they won’t cost a fortune. So if you suffer from hives, give them a go and hopefully you’ll find one that works for you.

Some treatments are topical and some are diet related; sometimes it might take a mixture of a few to get results:

1. Coconut and Oregano Body Oil

Mix 2 tablespoons of Extra Virgin Organic Coconut Oil and 10-15 drops of Oil of Oregano. Completely smooth over effected area.

This treatment aims to heal hives through the amazing natural properties of both oils. Oil of Oregano has anti-inflammatory action and is a natural anaesthetic, it’s also a powerful antioxidant. Both coconut oil and oregano oil are known as Nature’s most powerful and best antiseptics – they’re both anti-viral, anti-fungal, anti-parasitic and anti-bacterial.

2. Oatmeal and Cornstarch Paste

Make a paste with 2 cups of oatmeal and 3 tablespoons of cornstarch. Add a little water to make it into a paste. Apply to affected area for 15-30 minutes. It dries the hives up within a couple of hours. If your hives cover a large portion of your body then try having a cool bath with oatmeal and at least a box of cornstarch.

Cornstarch acts as a soothing agent with antibiotic properties and oatmeal has great healing properties. You may need to do this daily before you start seeing results.

3. Baking Soda and Apple Cider Vinegar –

Make a tea with 1 teaspoon of Aluminum FREE baking soda and 2 tablespoons of organic apple cider vinegar and drink twice daily. This tea is great detoxifying the body of allergens and histamine that cause inflammation whilst also returning the body to its natural state.

4. Soothing Mint Ice Cubes –

for some quick relief from the symptoms of hives, make some mint ice cubes by steeping 2 teaspoons of freshly crushed organic mint leaves (if you can’t buy organic make sure you wash the leaves very well so there’s no pesticide residue in your ice cubes) in boiling water and allow to cool. Strain the tea into ice cube trays and place in the freezer.

Mint is known for its cooling effects; place the ice cubes directly onto the effected area to instantly relieve inflamed or irritated skin. Once they have frozen you can place these directly on the skin.

5. Healing Vitamins –

Take cayenne pepper in capsule form, vitamin C, vitamin E, and zinc to help the healing process.

6. Repair the acid/alkaline balance in your body –

The foods we eat and our environment can greatly effect the body’s natural pH state, which can be a leading factor in the development of many diseases. The basic idea is about ensuring the body is in its optimal natural state to give it the ability to heal itself.

There is heaps of information on the internet if you do a quick search about the acid/alkaline balance and what the best foods are to consume and avoid to allow the body to repair itself.

If you would like to test the acidity of your body you can do a quick saliva test with litmus paper – be careful not to touch the litmus paper though because the skin is usually slightly acidic, and will vary the results.

7. Quercetin –

Quercetin is a plant pigment that acts as a natural antihistamine, which can help reduce and even completely cure some people of hives, as it acts as a natural balance to the allergen effect which creates hives. Quercetin is most commonly found in leafy green vegetables, onions and apples. Naturopathic doctors generally recommend taking 500 milligrams of this natural herbal remedy twice a day.

8. OxyHives Homeopathic Remedy –

OxyHives is a natural oral remedy that uses the principals of homeopathy to heal the source of hives and prevent them from reoccurring. There have been many people who have had great success with this treatment and have even reported no reoccurred since taking OxyHives.

9. Sandalwood essential oil

This essential oil is well known for its calming and cooling effects. Consequently, many herbalists refer to Sandalwood as a sedative for the skin. Simply add several drops of this essential oil to a cotton ball and then apply it to the infected area every three hours. You should be careful when apply essential oils directly to the skin – if you notice any irritation simply add a couple of drops of oil to coconut oil.

Source by Sarah Jane Willis

Eye Doctors to Have New Review of Contact Lens Solutions by FDA For Eye Infections From Acanthamoeba

Your Optometrist may have new guidelines for contact lens solutions in the future. The Food and Drug Administration has decided to review the testing procedures for contact lens solutions against the organism acanthamoeba. Acanthamoeba is a type of microorganism called a protozoa that thrives in moist environments and can be found almost everywhere, although it has a much higher incidence in regions with humid, warmer climates like the states in the South Eastern part of the country. Areas with low humidity like Colorado have a lower overall incidence. It is very common in most soil in addition to fresh water. Most forms of acanthamoeba do not effect the eye but one can with serious consequences. It is not unknown to find acanthamoeba when culturing contact lens cases of patients that are currently show no signs of infection.

The eye has it’s own immune system including substances secreted in the tear film that can keep most infections from gaining a foothold. Contact lens wearers who over wear their lenses and use their solutions inappropriately are more susceptible to any type of eye infection. Over wear disrupts the tissue on the front of the eye, the corneal epithelium. This disruption allows organisms like acanthamoeba to enter into the eye tissue and multiply. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) confirmed 138 cases of Acanthamoeba infection of the corneal tissue (keratitis) in 35 different states during 1997. This type of infection has shown an increasing trend in recent years after slowing in the past when homemade saline solutions were discontinued.

The increasing incidence may be related to the tendency to decrease or eliminate chlorination in drinking water although there are also many more people choosing contact lenses for their vision correction, and multipurpose solutions that are ineffective against acanthamoeba have become the contact lens care systems of choice. More contact lens wearers also mean more patients leaving their contact lenses on while enjoying a soak in a Jacuzzi. Chlorination of hot tubs is often inadequate; especially considering how frequently people overload the suggested capacity for occupants. Acanthamoeba exists in two forms and the cyst forms are very resistant to treatment. Unlike the active form the cysts can survive under extreme conditions of chemicals and large temperature ranges. Eye Doctors find acanthamoeba keratitis infections are difficult to treat and even with the care of the best corneal specialists they may still result in blindness and require corneal transplants.

Acanthamoeba infections are almost unknown in the United States in patients who replace their lenses daily or don’t wear contact lenses. Hydrogen Peroxide contact lens cleaning systems kill the cyst form when used as directed. Chlorhexidine and heat systems will also kill the cyst form. Chlorhexidine is an older preservative fairly toxic to the corneal eye tissue and had a high incidence of allergic reactions when it was commonly used in contact lens solutions in past years. Heat disinfection bakes deposits on the lenses and was frequently skipped when it was the most common form of contact lens disinfection. All of these older cleaning systems have lower compliance rates and I believe 100% compliance with less effective solutions is better than 95% compliance with solutions having lower kill rates, especially considering the most common bacteria that cause keratitis are usually eliminated by multipurpose no rub solutions when they are used as directed. Using no rub solutions and adding back in a rubbing step on most days is a compromise that is probably the best system we have today. However, none of the multipurpose solutions have the capacity to effectively destroy acanthamoeba cysts. Hopefully the FDA review will help fill this gap in the future. In the interim the following guidelines like the FDA suggestions should help prevent most acanthamoeba eye infections.

(1) See your eye care professional immediately if you experience symptoms of eye infection such as redness, pain, excessive tearing, increased light sensitivity, blurry vision, and/or sensation of something in the eye.

(2) Wear and replace your lenses according to the schedule prescribed by Optometrist.

(3) Remove your lenses before any activity involving water, including showering, using a hot tub, or swimming.

(4) Wash your hands with soap and water for about 20 seconds, and dry them before handling your lenses.

(5) Clean your lenses according to the manufacturer’s guidelines and instructions from your eye doctor.

(6) Use fresh cleaning or disinfecting solution each time your lenses are cleaned and stored.

(7) Never use saline solution and rewetting drops to disinfect your lenses. Neither solution is an effective or approved disinfectant.

(8) Ask Your Eye Doctor about using a rubbing step with adequate rinsing even with no rub solutions. Rubbing the lenses removes surface deposits and has been shown to improve the disinfecting efficacy.

(9) Store your lenses in the proper storage case.

(10) Rinse your storage case with sterile multipurpose contact lens solution (never use tap water-it is a primary source of acanthamoeba) and leave the storage case open to dry after each use.

(11) Replace storage cases at least once every 1-2 months-you can usually find a case packaged with solution at no added cost.

Acanthamoeba is still a rare infection but hopefully will become unheard of in the future.

Source by Dr. David Kisling, O.D.

What Causes Cancer? Cancer, Genes, and Epigenetics

There are multiple causes of cancer. It is a very complicated process but can be simplified to lifestyle choices, chronic inflammation, infections, and genes.

Lifestyle choices are the most important predictors of risk of diseases, metabolic syndrome, diabetes, hypertension, heart disease, stroke and cancer. What we eat, drink, or smoke are instrumental in what kind of diseases we suffer from. Likewise, failure to exercise will affect our health.

Tobacco use is the most common preventable cause of cancers. It is associated with many cancers including mouth cancer, head and neck cancer, esophageal cancer, stomach cancer, and lung cancer among others.

The World Health Organization (WHO) warned in February 2008 that 1billion people worldwide could die of tobacco-related causes this century unless urgent action is taken. The WHO's report includes these global statistics on tobacco deaths:

  • 100 million people died of tobacco-related causes during the 20th century.
  • Tobacco currently kills 5.4 million people per year.
  • Tobacco use makes six of the World's eight leading causes of death – including heart disease, stroke, and cancer – more likely

Another cause of cancer is chronic inflammation. Some examples of chronic inflammatory conditions that lead to cancer include ulcerative colitis, Crohn's disease, and Barrett's esophagus.

Inflammation stimulates tumor development at all stages; initiation, progression, and metastasis. Tumor recruited leukocytes secrete cytokines that enhance DNA damage and encourage growth of the cancer cells through production of blood vessels (proliferation and angiogenesis).

Infections are well documented to lead to malignancy. Some examples include:

  • Helicobacter pylori; Gastric lymphoma
  • Schistosomiasis; gallbladder and bladder
  • Epstein Barr Virus; lymphoma
  • Human Herpes Virus 8; Kaposi's sarcoma
  • Chlamydia species; ocular lymphoma, lung cancer, and cervical cancer
  • Human Papilloma Virus; cervical cancer, oral cancer, and anal cancer


Genes are the blueprint to the body. There are 20,500 protein encoding genes (exons) in the human genome (Human Genome Project) and many more non-encoding sections (introns). There are 2-3 meters DNA / cell, 2 X 1013 meters per human body. There are two major types of cancer genes, tumor suppressor and oncogenes.

Tumor Suppressor Genes have multiple functions. Some slow down cell division such as the retinoblastoma gene (RB1). Others are involved in DNA repair such as the mismatch repair genes in hereditary colon cancer (hMSH2, hMLH1). Finally, some genes are involved in regulating natural cell death. This is called apoptosis and the p53 tumor suppressor gene works in this area.

Proto-oncogenes control normal growth, mutated, they become oncogenes. These cause normal cells to grow out of control and become malignant. Oncogenes can exert their effect on a wide array of cellular processes including growth factors, growth factor receptors, signal transducers, transcription factors, and programmed cell death regulators. There are more than 100 known oncogenes. Common oncogenes and their function appear below.

Common Oncogenes

Growth factors: sis (PDGF)

Growth factor receptor: erb B-1, erb B-2

Signal transducer: abl, ras

Transcription factor: myc

Apoptosis: bcl-2

There is no inevitability between presence of genes and cancer (or disease). For instance, protein transcripts for the bcr-abl gene involved in chronic myelogenous leukemia (CML) are present in up to 69% of the population but only 1: 100,000 people will ever get CML. Many of us have cancer genes in our bodies, but the majority of us will not get the diseases because the genes are turned off. The process by which genes are turned on or off is called epigenetics and it is a growing field of study in cancer and other diseases.


Epigenetic changes are modifications to the genome that are heritable during cell division but do not involve a change in DNA sequence. Expression of genes is not regulated by the DNA sequence, which is the same in every cell, but by epigenetic marking and packaging. This process regulates chromatin structure through DNA methylation, histone variants, post-translational modifications, nucleosome positioning factors or chromatin loop and domain organization.

How can this cause cancer? Well, if a tumor suppressor gene is abnormally turned off, or an oncogene is turned on, then carcinogenesis can occur. One key to abnormal gene expression is methylation of the genome. To go further, some explanation of terms is necessary.

DNA contains four bases: adenine, guanine, cytosine, thymidine, but there is a fifth base methylated cytosine. DNA methyl-transferase (DNMT), produces methyl-cytosine where cytosines precede guanine (CpG). The CpG areas are not symmetric but clustered in CpG islands located at promoter regions. The promotor region is the region at the beginning of a gene and it controls the start of gene transcription. If the promotor is off, then the gene nevers is expressed. Abnormal methylation in cancer has been known for 20 years. Hypo-methylated areas turn on normally silent areas such as virally inserted genes or inactive X-linked genes. Hyper-methylated areas silence tumor suppresser genes. Both of these processes can mean trouble.

In conclusion, many factors lead to cancers. Probably the most important is our lifestyle choices such as what we eat or smoke. Other factors include chronic inflammation, infections or abnormal gene function. The study of how genes cause cancer by being turned on or off is called epigenetics. It is a fascinating area of ​​research and will surely change our whole perception of cancer and disease in the future.

Source by Robert Avery MD FACP

Can You Lose Weight by Taking Acai Berry Tablets?

As a matter of fact you can lose loads of excess weight by taking Acai Berry tablets. Acai berry supplements are the new diet rage the world over, with such celebrities like Oprah and Angelina Jollie using them it is no wonder they have become so popular so quick. What you about to read will shock you when you realize just simple it is to lose excess weight fast.

Often we hear advertisers on the television claiming that their product will help you lose more pounds than you ever imagined but the truth is that they all fail miserably when it comes to delivering results. Up until now, When it comes to finding “Instant Wonder Cures” , there were none. That was until the introduction of the Acai Berry into our daily diet’s.


This amazing little Berry was discovered not so long ago in the rain forests of South and Central America. Acai Berry first became popular in the United States when they were first added to energy drinks as a stimulant additive. Noted for it’s high energy qualities and health benefits it has become the number one super food of all time.

1. Acai Berry tablets contain ten times the amount of antioxidants in them compared to red grapes.

2. They blow your energy levels through the roof.

3. They detoxify the body of all foreign substances as well as lubricating the hair, skin, joints and intestines.

4. Acai normalizes your cholesterol levels and will literally have you shedding pounds before your very eyes due to the re normalization of your digestive system.

5. The combination of normal cholesterol levels, a lubricated digestive system, increased energy and a faster metabolism is what is responsible for such instant weight losses.

6. Acai Berry tablets also help stimulate normal blood sugar levels in diabetics and helps to alleviate normal depression. In a recent study of the Acai Berry and it’s effects on human leukemia cells, there was very strong evidence that the Berry extract can inhibit cancer cell development with leukemia as well as a huge array of potential benefits for all common diseases.

For those readers that have had difficulty in the past losing weight and keeping it off then Acai Berry tablets are just what you have been waiting for. When it comes to getting slim and staying slim, the results that people from around the world have achieved are nothing short of spectacular.

Source by Will Knight

Coprophagia in Dogs – 5 Reasons Why Dogs Eat Their Poop

Have you ever seen someone’s dog or worse your own eating his own poop. It is a very unpleasant and disgusting sight isn’t it. This habit is commonly called coprophagia. Dogs naturally sniff other poops to “read” or find out who has taken a particular territory. To some dogs, however they go the extreme by consuming the poops altogether.

So why do dogs eat their poop? There are many reasons why some of them resort to this disgusting habit. Below are just 5 of the most popular theories:

1. To supplement his own diet. A dog that eats poop is naturally deficient of nutrition. The food he is given at home is probably lacking enough nutrients or vitamins that the poor dog opts to eat the poops of other animals.

2. Stressed or bored dogs. Poop eating may be related to boredom or stress. This applies to dogs that are excluded from family life, hence lacking human affection and or attention. They are normally under exercised and stimulated so they resort to habits such as pulling their fur, spinning in circles for hours and ultimately eating their own poop.

3. Dogs carnivorous or scavenger heritage. This behavior may be derived from the their natural instinct of being scavengers or carnivores. Carnivores typically will eat the entire carcass of the animal they killed; everything including the digestive tracts that contains poop.

4. Parasites inside the dog’s stomach and digestive tract. Flat worms or other parasites robs the calories and nutrients from their stomach and digestive tract. Dog with worms will naturally have a voracious appetite to support the parasites in his stomach. An infested dog will turn to even as poop to satisfy the needs of the parasites within.

5. Improperly house trained dogs. Dogs that are improperly house trained sometimes will eat their own poop to conceal or attempt to conceal their inappropriate behaviors. This usually happens to dogs who are punished for mistakes.

In addition to the above theories, nursing dogs eat the poop of their puppies to keep the den area clean and hide her pups from potential predators. Puppies too eat their poops because they are emulating the behavior of their mother.

Coprophagia or dog eating their poo is a disgusting habit of some dogs. They naturally sniff other dog poops to “read” a particular territory. To some dogs, however they go the extreme by consuming the poops altogether. You don’t want your dog to form this kind of habit; so learn why from the above mentioned theories.

Source by Ness Dorig

Candida Cure – Colostrum Components

The two major components of colostrum which is a Candida cure, are immune factors and growth factors:

Immune Factors

Immunoglobulins (A, D, E, G, and M) -neutralize toxins, viruses, and bacteria in the lymph and circulatory systems.

Lactoferrin-antiviral, antibacterial, anti-inflammatory, iron-binding protein with therapeutic effects on cancer, HIV, cytomegalovirus, herpes, chronic fatigue syndrome, Candida albicans, and other infections.

Proline-Rich Polypeptide-a hormone that regulates the thymus gland, stimulating an underactive immune system or dampening an overactive immune system as seen in autoimmune disease (MS, rheumatoid arthritis, lupus, scleroderma, chronic fatigue syndrome, allergies, etc.).

Leukocytes-white blood cells that stimulate the production of interferon, which slows viral reproduction and the penetration of cell walls Enzymes-lactoperoxidase-thiocyanate, peroxidase, and xanthine oxidase destroy bacteria through their ability to release hydrogen peroxide.

Lysozyme-a hydrolyzing agent, Candida cure, and immune system booster capable of destroying bacteria and viruses on contact.

Cytokines-interleukins, which regulate the duration and intensity of the immune response, are responsible for cell to cell communication and boost T-cell activity and the production of immunoglobulins. Interleukin-10 is strongly anti-inflammatory, especially in arthritic joints.

Trypsin Inhibitors and Protease Inhibitors-prevent the destruction of immune and growth factors in colostrum from being broken down in the GI tract; they also prevent H. pylori from attaching to the walls of the stomach and can have a beneficial role in the treatment of peptic ulcers.

Lymphokines-hormone-like peptides produced by activated lymphocytes, which mediate the immune response. Oligo Polysaccharides and Glycoconjugates-attract and bind to pathogens (Streptococcus, E. coli, salmonella, cryptosporidium, giardia lamblia, entamoeba, shigella, clostridium Difficile Toxins A and B, and cholera), preventing them from attaching or entering the mucous membranes.

Other Immune Factors-some of the documented immune factors include orotic acid, secretory IgA, IgA Specific Helper, B lactoglobulin, lactalbumin, albumin, prealbumin, alpha 1-antitripsin, alpha 1-feto-protein, alpha 2-macroglobulin, alpha 2-AP glycoprotein, C3, C4, and orosomucoids.

Vitamins-A, B12, and E are found in small amounts, while traces of all other vitamins are also present in colostrum.

Sultur-a mineral with multiple uses in metabolism and as part of many structural body proteins.

These components of colostrum are what make up this Candida cure.

Source by Blake Allen

Prevention of Parasites – 7 Easy Ways to Prevent Parasitic Infections

We might not believe it, but all of us might have harmful parasites living inside our digestive tracts. It's really some we do not want to think about. We might think we feel good and that everything is going fine, but we still might have parasites inside us. We need a treatment for parasites, because eventually they will make us sick and kill us. In this article I will be sharing with you the prevention of parasites!

The prevention of parasites is as follows:

1) Wash your hands before eating and after using the washroom.

2) Wear gloves when gardening or working with soil or sand because soil can be contaminated with eggs or cysts of parasites.

3) Woman who are pregnant should avoid handling cat litter.

4) Do not allow children to be licked or kissed by pets that are not dewormed regularly.

5) Wash fresh vegetables carefully. Many people get Entamoeba histolytica by eating contaminated raw fruit and vegetables.

6) Avoid eating raw meat, which may contain Giardia lamblia.

7) Wear long-sleeved shirts, long pants, and boots when walking in the woods. In addition, spray insect-repellent on clothing to prevent tick bites.

I have just shared seven easy ways in the prevention of parasites. There is a program discovered by a woman doctor that completely gets rid of parasites for good! Her treatment for parasites comes in the form of select herbs, extracts, and organic constituents. These herbs are found all over the world from a variety of plants. Once these herbs are combined in different ways, they form a very powerful method in fighting against plaque and parasites.

Source by Burt Amadio

Catch More Walleye With Leeches

Any experienced Walleye angler knows that Walleye can be a challenge, but a very exciting and delicious one.

The goal for any angler is to catch more Walleye, and leeches can play a big part in meeting this goal.

When you and I talk about leeches, an important walleye fishing fundamental is at work.

The fundamental involves knowing the conditions you find yourself in so you can spend …

1. More time on productive water catching fish.


2. Less time on unproductive water.

It’s a simple concept, but it works like a charm.

Knowing when leeches will work well, and when to choose another type of live bait instead, can increase the time you spend catching walleye, and decrease the time needed to attract the fish.

With that out of the way, let’s dive right in to some seriously effective leech techniques. One way to make the leech more effective is to use a spinner along with the bait.

This method works well during the middle of summer until the end of this season.

If the temperature of the water drops to fifty degrees or below, leeches may not be the best option, and another live bait should be used instead for a better Walleye fishing trip.

During the summer months leeches can be an ideal bait, and ribbon leeches usually provide a lot of Walleye action.

Always make sure that your leeches are stored in a half full container of water, and that the water is from a lake or river and not the faucet.

This will keep them alive, and active for much longer. Walleye are not usually attracted to bait that hangs limply and does not move.

Because leeches work best in warmer waters, it is a good idea to head a little deeper.

On bright or sunny days, look to weed beds and underwater structure to find the fish.

This is where the Walleye hang out, to benefit from the shade and cover.

It may be necessary to slow down the presentation speed a little, because during the warmer months the fish may become slower, and only bite when something is very attractively presented to them.

A slower leech may get a hit when one offered at a faster speed may be completely ignored.

The Walleye may only take leeches which are easily available, and reject baits which require some effort.

At night and during overcast days the fish may move in closer to shore, and during these times leeches may work effectively even in four or five feet of water.

With the right bait and the right tackle, leeches can be one of the best baits around during certain times of the year and in certain waters.

Source by Andrew Martinsen

Uveitis – Ayurvedic Herbal Treatment

Uveitis is inflammation of the uvea, the middle part of the eye between the sclera and the retina. Depending upon different affected parts of the uvea, the inflammation may be termed as iritis, cyclitis or choroiditis. Uveitis may be related to different causes such as herpes zoster, histoplasmosis, toxoplasmosis or arthritis. Symptoms may be either acute or chronic and include sensitivity to light, blurred vision, pain and redness of the eye.

Prompt treatment of uveitis is necessary to control pain and inflammation and minimize the chances of loss of vision. Eye drops, especially steroids and pupil dilators, are usually used for this condition, in addition to other oral medications. Ayurvedic medicines can be given as additional therapy in order to improve the therapeutic response and prevent complications. Medicines like Arogya-Vardhini, Triphala-Guggulu, Panch-Tikta-Ghrut-Guggulu, Punarnavadi-Guggulu, Saptamrut-Loh, Triphala-Ghrut, Punarnava (Boerhaavia diffusa), Shatavari (Asparagus racemosus), Tulsi (Ocimum sanctum), Amalaki (Emblica officinalis), Haritaki (Terminalia chebula) and Behada (Terminalia bellerica) are used to reduce inflammation in the eye. Eye drops containing Triphala (Three fruits), Haridra (curcuma longa), Daruharidra (Berberis aristata), Nimba (Azadirachta indica), Chandan (Santalum album), Usheer (Vetiveria zizanioidis), Manjishtha (Rubia cordifolia), Saariva (Hemidesmus indicus), rose water and honey can also be used for this purpose.

Treatment is also given according to the known cause of this condition. Kaishor-Guggulu, Ekang-Veer-Ras, Maha-Vat-Vidhvans-Ras, Bhumiamalaki (Phyllanthus niruri), Yashtimadhuk (Glycerrhiza glabra) and Bhrungraj (Eclipta alba) are used to treat viral infections such as herpes zoster. Medicines like Sukshma-Triphala, Ras-Parpati, Triphala-Guggulu and Gandhak-Rasayan are used to treat fungal and parasitic infections. Arthritis can be treated using medicines like Yograj-Guggulu, Trayodashang-Guggulu, Vat-Gajankush-Ras and Vish-Tinduk-Vati. Complications of the eye such as glaucoma, cataract or new blood vessel formation need to be treated separately using medicines like Gokshuradi-Guggulu, Punarnavadi-Qadha, Triphala-Churna, Maha-Manjishthadi-Qadha and Saarivadi-Churna.

Iritis or cyclitis usually have an acute onset and may be controlled within 6 to 8 weeks. The onset of choroiditis is much slower and may be more chronic and more difficult to treat. All such patients should be under the regular care and supervision of an Ophthalmologist.

Source by Abdulmubeen Mundewadi

Hookworm Disease

Hookworm infection, the presence of hookworms in the intestine, is very common in humans, especially in tropical climates. There is a difference, however, between hookworm infection and hookworm disease: a few hookworms generally do not cause any symptoms or illness in a human host, whereas large numbers of the worms cause hookworm disease.

In order to understand the symptoms of hookworm disease, it’s important to understand how hookworm infection occurs (hookworm lifecycle). You do not catch this parasite through direct contact with another infected human. Rather, you pick it up when your skin comes in contact with soil contaminated with the feces of an infected person. Hookworm larvae, the stage that infects people, are present in warm moist soil where an infected person has defecated outside on the ground.

Hookworm larvae do best in loose soil that contains plenty of organic material. They don’t do well in dry sandy soils, or soils that contain a lot of clay, and they don’t develop at temperatures below about 17 degrees Celsius. Freezing kills them. Because they are so sensitive to cold temperatures, hookworms are basically confined to warm climates and to warm microclimates such as soil inside mines. Hookworm infection does not occur in temperate northern and southern climates.

When human skin comes in contact with live hookworm larvae in soil, the larvae penetrate the skin and start to migrate. If there are a lot of them, there may be a skin reaction, and inflammation where they penetrate the blood vessels. The body’s immune system causes this inflammation as it tries to kill the larvae. Hookworm infection may end at this stage, if the immune system is successful; larvae that survive get carried off to the heart and lungs. In the lungs, large numbers of larvae can cause the first serious sign of hookworm disease.

Hookworm larvae break out of blood vessels into the alveoli of the lungs (the sac-like spaces that fill with air when you breath in). Each larva breaking through causes a tiny bit of bleeding into the lungs. A few larvae won’t even be noticed, and massive numbers breaking out at once are rare, but when it does happen, a pneumonia-like illness occurs. From the lungs, the larvae travel up the windpipe to the throat and then down through the stomach to the intestine, where they grow to adult worms. At this stage, they may cause abdominal pain and diarrhea.

Again, a couple of dozen hookworms in the intestine is a light infection that won’t cause any symptoms; up to 100 worms will cause mild hookworm disease, while hundreds will seriously compromise host health, and thousands may kill. Serious symptoms of chronic (ongoing) hookworm disease include stunted growth, anemia, weakness, fatigue, protein deficiency, and learning impairment. In regions where people struggle with nutritional deficiencies already, a high incidence of hookworm disease has grave consequences for the society as a whole.

Source by Rosemary Drisdelle

Weird Skin With Chronic Lyme Disease? You May Have ACA

What is ACA?

It is Acrodermatitis Chronica Atrophicans, a skin condition that frequently accompanies late stage Lyme borrelliosis (afzelii) but almost exclusively by those of European heritage.

Originally discovered and documented by Dr. Buchwald in 1883, it was not until 1902 when Dr’s Herxheimer and Hartmann began to study the phenomena in earnest that clear evidence began to mount. (The full name of the disease now carries the name of Dr. Herxheimer in most references.)

Now it is estimated that close to 10% of all Europeans with Lyme disease have ACA and in fact it is the most common late and chronic manifestation of European Lyme disease. However, given the fact that most doctors in North America do not believe in chronic Lyme disease, it is not surprising that dermotologists would not be trained to recognize ACA, and even Lyme literate doctors are sadly lacking any significant training about ACA.

Acrodermatitis chronica atrophicans is a skin condition that takes a progressive course that leads to atrophy of the skin in a variety of ways but sharing certain common characteristics.

Not surprisingly, involvement of the peripheral nervous system is frequently observed as a part of ACA (numbness, tingling, pain…)

As we know, clinical manifestations of Lyme borreliosis are almost unlimited. They can affect the skin, nervous system, muscles, joints eyes, ears, any organ including the heart. With ACA, the skin becomes papery thin and almost shiny and transparent so that the blood vessels, veins, arteries and tissue can be seen through the skin in various degrees which give the skin a pinkish/bluish color.

ACA is most commonly found on the hands and feet but can be found most anywhere on the body. Unfortunately, if you think you have it, there isn’t a very good chance of diagnosis.

Doctors absolutely despise patients who come into their office armed with information from the internet. However, you may have a chance if you come armed with the following article from WebMD: This site also has some remarkable pictures at

For your own understanding of ACA, a picture is worth a thousand words. There is a remarkable collection of pictures from (the lead picture for this post is from their site), make sure to click on your flag of nationality to read the text in the correct language:

Finally, there is a glaring and amazing point I would like to make – above and beyond the possible diagnosis that many may have been suffering with for years without a clue of its connection to chronic Lyme disease. Perhaps you will have jumped ahead to the obvious question this post raises by the accepted and even honored research by Dr. Hartmann and Dr. Herxheimer over one hundred years ago.

Why and how can it be that the respected doctors of the day believed without a doubt in chronic Lyme disease and studied symptoms and treatment of such while our “advanced doctors have disregarded over a century of research and documentation to cling to their platform of “there is no such thing as chronic Lyme disease.”

The next time you are challenged about chronic Lyme disease, you may want to bring up this ignored fact – that chronic Lyme disease is not debated in Europe. Do we even need to ask why?

Source by Jenna Smith

Reasons For Blood in My Dog’s Stool

Although a veterinarian should be consulted, you can find some answers about the most common problems concerning the reasons for blood in your dog’s stool. Keep in mind that serious illness and disease could also be the cause.

The possible reasons for concerns about blood in my dog’s stool could be a result of parasites like the hookworm which attach to the lining of the intestinal tract, living off the dog’s blood supply. If your dog is pregnant, hookworms can even travel to the unborn puppies, overrunning their small systems before they are born. Another parasite that can cause bloody diarrhea is Giardia which is transmitted pet to pet by soil, water or food. Of course there are many other parasites but not all cause symptoms or bloody diarrhea. Only a stool sample can confirm parasites in your dog.

Other than seeing blood in your dog’s stool are there any other symptoms? Severe diarrhea or vomiting, is your dog eating? These symptoms can be a sign of hemorrhagic gastroenteritis or HGE which is a non-contagious disease believed to be caused by an abnormal response to bacteria and can prove fatal. Any young adult dog of every breed can be affected, but usually smaller dogs like Toy Poodles and Miniature Schnauzer seem to be affected. This disease can be treated, and if not treated, can result in death.

A veterinarian mentioned that other reasons for blood in my dog’s stool could be from Parvo, if not vaccinated, infections in the bladder or kidney, eating poison or plastic, even constipation or his diet. The wrong diet, causing inflammation of the bowels, can easily be resolved by changing the diet. Stress can cause bowel flare ups as can other serious problems like kidney or bowel diseases.

Another consequence from excessive diarrhea or vomiting could be dehydration. If your dog is not properly hydrated the result could be a life or death situation. So, unless you know for sure what could be causing the blood in your dog’s stool, the problem really needs to be checked out so you will no longer worry and your dog won’t suffer needlessly.

Source by Rebecca Shelly

Viral Diseases Carried by Mosquitoes

Do you spend a lot of time outdoors? While playing in the sun can be fun, you should know that pesky mosquitoes carry an array of viral diseases that could be life threatening.

Although most people have heard about the correlation between mosquitoes and West Nile virus, there are many diseases carried by mosquitoes that the general population does not know about. Sadly, if a news station does not report on a person contracting a "mosquito disease" most people will not know that these diseases even exist. Mosquitoes are one of the dirtiest, and deadliest, creatures known to man, and these little bothers may just be responsible for man than you think.

Some of the viral diseases carried by mosquitoes include, yellow fever; dengue fever; epidemic polyarthritis; Rift Valley fever; Ross River Fever; St. Louis encephalitis, West Nile virus, Japanese encephalitis, LaCross encephalitis, and many other types of invasive diseases. Mosquitoes are solely responsible for malaria, which happens to be the world's leading cause of premature death. Since most North American news stations do not report on deaths caused by malaria, most of us are entirely unaware of the real threat that mosquitoes can pose.

More than 5.3 million deaths occur each year due to the mosquito genus Anopheles, which carries the malaria virus – children under the age of five account for most of these deaths. Though the genus Anopheles is not usually found within North America, almost all mosquitoes are capable of carrying the filariasis worm, which causes the disease elephantiasis – 40 million people worldwide are currently dealing with some form of elephantiasis.

Even though all of these statistics are scary, they are not the most terrifying part of the whole mosquito epidemic. As people age, mosquito bites are often undetected. Though children often swell up and turn red upon receiving a bite, adults tend to build up an immunity to mosquitoes as they receive more and more bites. In short, you could be infected by a disease that was carried by a mosquito, and not even know about it.

While some types of mosquitoes can not be deterred, the mosquitoes found throughout North America can usually be warded off with the application of a natural mosquito repellent. Mosquitoes tend to stay away from people that are armed with special products, and this is exactly what you should be aiming for. Keep mosquitoes away from your body, and keep your health in tact by being prepared; remaining educated; and using a mosquito repellent that is guaranteed to work.

Source by John Grimes

Types, Strains of Malaria – Causes and Cures

There are four one celled parasite species of parasitic protozoa malaria that infect man: Plasmodium falciparum, Plasmodium vivax, Plasmodium malariae, and Plasmodium ovale.  Plasmodium falciparum, has for perhaps ten thousand years, used mosquitoes to transmit itself to humans. Plasmodium vivax, Plasmodium malariae and Plasmodium ovale are relapsing forms of malaria, meaning the parasite can remain in a type of dormant state in the human body and will come alive or resurface again when the human body defenses are lowered.

Plasmodium falciparum, so called ‘malignant tertian fever’, or ‘black water fever,’ is the most common strain of malaria and is also the deadliest. This strain of malaria is a serious disease that is responsible for about 2-million deaths per year, predominantly in young children in sub Saharan Africa.

All mosquito species needs water for its reproduction. All of the malaria parasites are spread to people by the female mosquito, which feeds itself on the human blood. The life cycle of malaria has many stages in humans (intermediate host) and Anopheles mosquito (definitive host).

Malaria has an incubation of 10-21 days but may be longer. In humans, the malarial parasites (called sporozoites) after being released into the bloodstream from a mosquito bite, migrate to the liver where they mature and release another form, the malarial merozoites. Worldwide, malaria affects between 300 and 500 million people each year. Malaria is a leading cause of death and disease worldwide, especially in developing countries. Other species of plasmodia infect reptiles, birds and other mammals. 

Source by Ms CiCi

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